Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a balloon or stent to open a blocked or narrowed artery in the heart

What is Angioplasty?

Angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat blocked or narrowed arteries in the heart. It is a common procedure in interventional cardiology and has been shown to be highly effective in improving blood flow to the heart and reducing symptoms of angina.


The indications for angioplasty include chest pain or angina, shortness of breath, and heart attack. Angioplasty may be performed as an emergency procedure in patients with a heart attack, or it may be scheduled in patients with stable angina.

The Procedure

The procedure involves the insertion of a catheter through an artery in the groin or arm and guiding it to the site of the blockage. A balloon attached to the catheter is inflated to compress the plaque against the artery wall, widening the artery and improving blood flow. In some cases, a stent (a tiny mesh tube) is placed in the artery to keep it open.
Angioplasty is typically performed under local anesthesia, and the procedure takes around 30 minutes to 1 hour, depending on the complexity of the case. Patients are usually awake during the procedure, but may be given medication to help them relax.
After the procedure, patients are usually monitored in the hospital for a few hours to make sure there are no complications. Most patients can go home the same day or the next day. Patients are usually advised to avoid strenuous activity for a few days after the procedure.


Angioplasty is generally considered safe, but like any medical procedure, it does carry some risks, such as bleeding, infection, and damage to the artery. The risk of complications is generally low, and the benefits of the procedure in improving blood flow to the heart and reducing symptoms of angina outweigh the risks in most cases.

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